Product Information

Formic Acid

Formic Acid (CAS Number: 64-18-6) Supplier in Europe

Physical Details and Properties

Formic acid is a colorless, pungent liquid with a chemical formula of HCOOH and a molecular weight of 46.03 g/mol. It is miscible with water and has a high boiling point. Formic acid derives its name from “formica,” the Latin word for ant, as it was first isolated from ant bodies. It is a versatile compound with various industrial applications.

Production Methods

At SoleChem Chemicals, we ensure a reliable supply of high-quality formic acid. The primary production method involves the reaction of carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst, such as rhodium, to produce formic acid. This process is commonly known as the “Monsanto process.”

Industrial Applications

Formic acid finds extensive use in various industries across Europe. Let’s explore some of its key applications:

  1. Agriculture and Animal Feed: Formic acid is used as a feed additive in animal nutrition, primarily in swine diets. It aids in improving feed hygiene, preventing microbial growth, and reducing disease risk. It also acts as an acidifier to promote animal digestion and nutrient utilization.
  2. Leather Tanning and Textiles: Formic acid is utilized in the leather tanning industry as a pickling agent and pH adjuster. It helps remove unwanted substances from animal hides and prepares them for further processing. It is also used in dyeing and printing textiles.
  3. Chemical Synthesis and Pharmaceuticals: Formic acid is a versatile reagent and intermediate in chemical synthesis. It is used to produce various organic compounds, including formate salts, esters, and pharmaceutical intermediates. It finds application in the manufacturing of dyes, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals.
  4. Rubber and Plastics Industry: Formic acid is employed as a coagulant and stabilizer in the rubber and plastics industry. It helps produce synthetic rubber and plastics by facilitating polymerization and improving product properties.

Safety Information

When handling formic acid, it is important to follow proper safety precautions:

  1. Handling and Storage: Store formic acid in a cool, well-ventilated area, away from heat sources and incompatible substances. When handling the chemical, use appropriate personal protective equipment, such as gloves and goggles.
  2. Health Hazards: Formic acid is corrosive and can cause severe skin and eye irritation. Inhalation of vapors or mists can also irritate the respiratory system. Avoid direct contact and inhalation. In case of contact, rinse affected areas with water and seek medical attention if necessary.
  3. Environmental Impact: When released in large quantities, formic acid can impact soil and water quality. Dispose of formic acid by local regulations and guidelines.

Choose SoleChem Chemicals as your reliable supplier of high-quality formic acid in Europe. We offer a consistent and reliable supply to meet the diverse needs of various industries. Contact us today for all your formic acid supply requirements.